On puja in general
108 names of Durga (decl)
108 names of Durga v1
108 names of Durga v2
108 names of Durga (sanskrit only)
All 9 forms of Durga (Navadurga)
Durga yantra
Durga mantras +audio
Durga pictures
108 names of Shiva (decl)
108 names of Shiva v1
108 names of Shiva (sanskrit only)
Shiva Sahasranama +audio only
Shiva yantra
Shiva mantras +audio
Shiva pictures
108 names of Vishnu (decl)
108 names of Satya Narayana
1000 names of Vishnu +audio
108 names of Vishnu (sanskrit only)
Vishnu sahasranama (sanskrit) (pdf, 79kb)
Vishnu Sahasranama +audio only with subtitles
Vishnu yantra
Vishnu mantras
Vishnu pictures
108 names of Krishna (decl)
60 names of Raja Gopala (decl)
108 names of Raja Gopala in sanskrit
Demons killed by Krishna
Krishna yantra
Krishna mantras
Krishna pictures
12 names of Brahma
About Brahma (Shrimad-Bhagavatam)
Brahma mantras
Brahma pictures
108 names of Lakshmi (decl) +audio
108 names of Lakshmi in sanskrit
8 forms of Lakshmi
Lakshmi yantra
Lakshmi mantras
Lakshmi pictures
108 names of Parvati (decl)
1008 names of Parvati
Parvati yantras
Parvati mantras
Parvati pictures
108 names of Sarasvati (decl)
Sarasvati yantras
Sarasvati mantras
Sarasvati pictures
108 names of Gayatri
108 names of Gayatri (sanskrit)
Gayatri Sahasranama (pdf, 115kb)
Gayatri worship (sanskrit) (pdf 1.2MB)
Gayatri yantra
Explanation of Gayatri mantra +audio
Gayatri devi pictures
108 names of Ganesha (decl) v1
108 names of Ganesha (decl) v2
108 names of Ganesha explained
Ganesha names meanings
108 names of Ganesha
Ganesha bhajana (sanskrit)
Ganapati 108 names (sanskrit)
Vinayaka 108 names (sanskrit)
Ganesh arati
Ganesh Sahasranama +audio only
108 names of Ganesha +audio only
Ganesha yantra
Ganesha mantras
Ganesha pictures
108 names of Skanda (decl)
Skanda mantras
Skanda pictures
16 names of Radha
108 names of Radha
158 names of Radha on K
291 names of Radha
Radha stuti
Radha mantras
Radha pictures
108 names of Tulasi (decl)
108 names of Tulasi (sanskrit)
Tulasi mantras +audio
Tulasi pictures
108 names of Hanuman
108 names of Hanuman (decl) +audio
1008 names of Hanuman +audio only
Hanuman yantra
Hanuman mantras
Hanuman pictures
100 names of Kali
1000 names of Kali
Kali yantras
Kali mantras +audio
Kali pictures
108 names of Bagalamukhi
1108 names of Bagalamukhi (decl)
Bagalamukhi yantra
Bagalamukhi mantras
Bagalamukhi pictures
108 names of Patanjali
About Patanjali
Patanjali mantras
Patanjali pictures
108 names of Chaitanya
Pancha tattva gayatri and beeja mantras
Chaitanya pictures
108 names of Nityananda
Nityananda mantras
Nityananda pictures
Agni mantra
Agni pictures
108 names of Dattatreya (decl)
Dattatreja mantras
Dattatreja pictures
108 names of Vishvakarma (decl)
Vishvakarma yantra
Vishvakarma gayatri mantra
Vishvakarma pictures
108 names of Kubera (decl)
Kubera mantras +audio
Kubera yantra
Kubera pictures
Description and forms of Bhairava
108 names of Bhairava (decl)
108 names of Bhairava (sanskrit)
Kaal Bhairava Ashtakam +audio
Bhairava mantras
Bhairava yantra
Bhairava pictures
Dhanvantri mantra
Dhanvantri pictures
Indra mantra
Indra pictures
Tara mantras
Tara yantras
Tara pictures
Tripura Sundari yantras
Tripura Sundari mantras
Tripura Sundari pictures
Matsya pictures
Kurma pictures
Varaha pictures
108 names of Narasimha (decl)
1000 names of Narasimha v1
1000 names of Narasimha v2
Narasimha kavacham
Narasimha yantra
Narasimha mantras
Narasimha pictures
Vamana pictures
Parashurama pictures
108 names of Rama (explained, decl)
Rama mantras
Rama pictures
Balarama sahasranama (pdf,  ...kb)
108 names of Balarama
Balarama yantra
Balarama mantras
Balarama pictures
Buddha mantras
Buddha pictures
Kalki pictures
108 names of Surya (decl)
108 names of Surya (pdf, 103kb)
1008 names of Surya +audio only
Surya yantra
Surya mantras
Surya pictures
108 names of Chandra (decl)
108 names of Chandra (sanskrit)
Chandra yantra
Chandra mantras
Chandra pictures
108 names of Mangala (decl)
108 names of Mangala (sanskrit)
Mangala yantra
Mangala mantras
Mangala pictures
108 names of Budha (decl)
108 names of Budha (sanskrit)
Buddha yantra
Buddha mantras
Buddha pictures
108 names of Guru (decl)
108 names of Guru (sanskrit)
Guru yantra
Guru mantras
Guru pictures
108 names of Shukra (decl)
108 names of Shukra (sanskrit)
Shukra yantra
Shukra mantras
Shukra pictures
108 names of Shani (decl)
108 names of Shani (sanskrit)
Shani yantra
Shani mantras
Shani pictures
108 names of Rahu (decl)
108 names of Rahu (sanskrit)
Rahu yantra
Rahu mantras +audio
Rahu pictures
108 names of Ketu (decl)
108 names of Ketu (sanskrit)
Ketu yantra
Ketu mantras
Ketu pictures
Asatoma mantra +audio
Poornam mantra +audio
Shanti mantra +audio
Moola mantra +audio
Tryambakam mantra +audio
Chapter I on Asanas
Chapter II on Pranayama
Chapter III on Mudras
Chapter IV on Samadhi
Aindra Das on chanting Holy Name

 

Big and beautiful letter Om
Hare Krishna mantra in sanskrit
Tryambakam mantra in sanskrit
Lakshmi moola mantra in sanskrit
Kuber mantra in sanskrit

 

The four Ganesh incarnations during the Yuga

 

According to the Ganesha Puraana, four Ganesh incarnations came on earth during the different periods (yuga), in order to fight the devils. They are :

1. Mahotkata with ten arms, seated on a lion, shining like the sun, came during the Krita Yuga to kill the demons Naraantak and Devaantak

2. White-colored Shri Mayureshvar with six arms, riding the peacock, faced the demon Sindhu during the Treta Yuga

3. Red-colored Shri Gajaanana with four arms, mounted on his rat, destroyed the demon Sindur during the Dvapara Yuga

4. Dhuumraketu is the form of Ganesh who will come in the future; we are now living in the Kali Yuga. Two-arms and smoke-colored Dhuumraketu will ride on a blue horse; he will fight all the devils to restore peace and harmony in the world.

 

The eight incarnations of Ganesh

 

The Mudgala Puraana tells the story of the eight incarnations of Ganesh. Let us describe them in brief :

1. Vakratunda, "the Lord with the curved trunk". He is represented seated on a lion. He came to struggle against the devil Matsara, who is the symbol of jealousy.

2. Ekadanta, "the Lord who has only one tusk". exterminated Mada, the demon of drunkeness.

3. Mahodara, "the Lord who has a big belly", gives battle to Moha, the demon of illusion.

4. Gajaanana, "the Lord with an elephant face", put Lobha, the demon of greed, to death.

5. Lambodara, "the Lord with a protuberant belly", masters Krodha, the demon of anger.

6. Vikata, "the misshapen", subdued Kaama, the demon of desire

Ekadanta, Mahodara, Gajaanana, Lambodara and Vikata are represented mounted on a rat.

7. Under the form of Vighnaraaja, "the Lord King of obstacles", lying on Shesha, the Snake of Eternity, Ganesh destroyed Mama, the demon of ego.

8. Finally, the last Ganesh incarnation is Dhuumravarna, "the Lord with a tawny color", riding a mouse, who got victory over Ahamkaara, the demon of self-infatuation.

These mythic forms demonstrate that Ganesh has the capacity to reduce all the human weaknesses, such as jealousy, drunkeness, illusion, greed, anger, desire, egotism, self-infatuation (arrogance), which send the devotee away from his path to god. We must notice that the battle against these ennemies of the human being are really the basis of the sadhana for the spiritual seeker. But, for all that, the demons are not definitely destroyed. They are only under control and the spiritual path only allows this result.

 

The twelve main names of Ganesh

 

The Ganesha Puraana, important text of the Gaanapatya, gives a list of the twelve main names of the elephant-headed-god. These names must be used before any ritual. They are the following :

1. Sumukha : "The very graceful Lord"

2. Ekadanta : "The Lord who has only one tusk"

3. Kapila : "The Lord of a tawny color"

4. Gajakarna : "The Lord with elephant ears"

5. Lambodara : "The Lord with a prominent belly"

6. Vikata : "The Misshapen"

7. Vighnanaasaka : "The Lord destroyer of obstacles"

8. Ganaadhipa : "The Lord Protector of the Gana"

9. Dhuumraketu : "The Lord of a smoky color" with two arms riding on a blue horse, Ruler of the Kali Yuga

10. Ganaadhyaksha : "The Minister of the Gana"

11. Bhaalachandra : "The Lord who wears the moon crescent on his head"

12. Gajaanana : "The Lord with an elephant face".

We notice that the incarnations 2, 4, 5, 6, are also found in this list.

Of course, in this Puraana, we meet many other Ganesh names. There is also litany of one thousand names of Ganesh.

 

The twenty one names of Ganesh

 

1. Vighnaraaja : "The King of obstacles"

2. Gajaanana : "The Lord who has an elephant face"

3. Lambodara : "The Lord with a prominent belly"

4. Shivatmaja : “born from the soul of Shiva”

5. Vakratunda : "The Lord with a twisted trunk"

6. Supakarna

7. Ganeshvara : "The Lord of the Gana"

8. Vighnanashin : "The Destroyer of Obstacles"

9. Vikata : "The Misshapen"

10. Vamana : "The Dwarf"

11. Sarvadeva

12. Sarvadukhavinaashi

13. Vighnarhartr : "The Lord who cancels the obstacles"

14. Dhuumraaja

15. Sarvadevaadhideva

16. Ekadanta : "The Lord who has only one tusk"

17. Krishnapingala : "The blue and dark Lord"

18. Bhaalachandra : "The Lord who carries the crescent of moon on his head"

19. Gananaatha : "The supreme Chief of the Gana"

20. Shankarasunav : "The son of Shankara"

21. Anangapujita : "The formless Lord"

 

The thirty two names of Ganesh

 

1. Baala Ganapati : "Ganapati the Child". He has four arms. His hands bear a mango, a small branch of a mango-tree, a stem of sugar-cane and a cake.

2. Taruna Ganapati : "Ganapati the Teenager". Her has eight arms. His hands expose the single tusk, the elephant goad, the kapittha fruit, the sugar-cane, the noose, the paddy ear, the apuupa cake.

3. Bhakta Ganapati : "Ganapati, the Perfect Worshippert". He has four arms. His hands show a banana, the small branch of a mango-tree, the bowl of sugared rice (payaasapaatra).

4. Viira Ganapati : "Ganapati the Hero". He has sixteen arms. He wears the trident, the vampire, the two-head club, the axe, the arrow, the elephant goad, the sword, the disc, the pestle, the club, the snake, the spear, the banner, the bow, the noose and the small damaru drum.

5. Shakti Ganapati : "Ganesh embracing the goddess Success; - Pushti". He has four arms. His low right hand shows the movement of lack of fear (abhaya); the two others wear the elephant goad and the noose; the last hand, who holds a lemon, embraces the goddess. With the top of his trunk, Shakti Ganapati holds a cake.

6. Ucchista Ganapati : "Ganapati devouring the remnants of the meal". He has six arms. His hands show the rosary, the pomegranate, the paddy ear (shalyagra), the nocturnal lotus, the lute (viina) ; his sixth hand sometimes bears a guñja berry, embraces the goddess. The Ucchista Ganapati trunk is placed on the goddesse's thigh.

7. Siddhi Ganapati : "Ganapati bestowing success", fond of the sesame cake. He has four arms. His hands hold the axe, the noose, the sugar-cane stem and the mango.

8. Dvija Ganapati : "Ganapati the Twice-Born". He has four heads and four arms. His hands hold the rosary, the washing pot (kamandalu), the walking-stick of an ascetic or the ritual spoon (sruk) and the manuscript on palm-leaves (pustaka).

9. Vighna Ganapati : "Ganapati removing the obstacles". He has eight arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the disc, the arrow-flowers, the hatchet, the conch, the sugar-cane stem, the noose, the elephant goad. With the tip of his trunk, he carries a bunch of flowers (pushapamañjari).

10. Kshipra Ganapati : "Ganapati the Speedyle". He has four arms. His hands show the single tusk, the elephant goad, the creeper of the votive tree (kalpalataa), the noose. With the end of his trunk, he carries the stone cup full of precious stones (ratnakumbha).

11. Heramba Ganapati : "The five-heads Ganapati riding the lion". He has ten arms. His first hand shows the movement of lack of fear(abhaya), the others hold the rosary, the citron, the club, the elephant goad, the noose, the axe, the kadabu cake, the single tusk; his tenth hand shows the movement which bestows boons (varada).

12. Lakshmii Ganapati : "Ganapati the Fortunate" embracing his wives Siddhi and Buddhi. He has eight arms. His hands hold a pomegranate, a sword, the the creeper of the votive tree, the elephant goad, the parrot, the noose, the jewels pot; his eighth hand bestows boons (varada).

13. Mahaaganapati : "The Great Ganapati" with the goddess Wealth - Pushti. He has ten hands. His hands hold the single tusk, the pomegranate, the club, the sugar-cane bow, the disc, the conch, the noose, the nocturnal lotus, the paddy ear, the jewels pot.

14. Vijaya Ganapati : "Ganapati the Victorious", riding a rat which trots at a smart pace. He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the mango.

15. Nritya Ganapati : "The Dancing Ganapati" under the boon-tree. He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose, the axe (parashu) or the hatchet (kuthaara). The dhyaana sloka specifies that one of the four hands can show a cake apuupa.

16. Uurdhva Ganapati : "The Rising Ganapati", seated with his Shakti on his left thigh. He has eight arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the arrow-flower, the daylight lotus, the blue lily (kalhara), the sugar-cane bow, the paddy ear, the club; his last hand claps the goddess. The extremity of his trunk is rolled around the right breast of the goddess.

17. Vara Ganapati : "The Delightful Ganapati" with the goddess Wealth - Pushti, seated on his left thigh. He has four arms. His first three hands hold the elephant goad, the skull filled with liquor (madhumatkapaala) and the noose. The fourth hand creeps between the thighs of the goddess who holds a lotus and a banner.

18. Ekaakshara Ganapati : "Ganapati identified with the word OM". He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the cake modaka. Somtimes, he wears, with the extremity of his trunk (biijapuura).

19. Tryakshara Ganapati : "The Three-letters A+U+M Ganapati". He has four ars. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the mango. He holds the cake modaka with the trunk end.

20. Kshipraprasaada Ganapati : "Ganapati bestowing quickly his mercy". He has six arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the lotus, the creeper of the votive tree (kalpalataa), the noose, the lemon.

21. Haridraa Ganapati : "The curcuma-colored Ganapati". He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the cake modaka.

22. Ekadanta Ganapati : "The Single Tusk Ganapati". He has four arms. His hands hold a large tusk, a rosary, a hatchet (kuthaara) and the small ball of sweets (laddu).

23. Shristi Ganapati : "Ganapati the Creator", riding a big rat. His has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the mango.

24. Uddanda Ganapati : "Ganapati the Unchained", with his Shakti seated on his left thigh. He has twelve arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the club, the nocturnal lotus, the noose, the paddy ear, the elephant goad, the washing pot (kamandalu), the sugar-cane bow, the disc, the daylight lotus, the conch and the pomegranate. His trunk is placed on the top of the goddesse's breast or, sometimes, maintains a jewels pot (manikumbha).

25. Sankatahara Ganapati : "Ganapati seated on a large lotus with his Shakti "; he removes the impediments. He has four arms. His first hand show the movement to bestow boons (varada) ; the three others hold the elephant goad, the noose and the bowl of sugared rice (paayasapaatra).

26. Dundhi Ganapati : "The Ganapati which we have to look for". He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the rosary, the hatchet (kuthaara) and the pot of jewels (ratnapaatra).

27. Trimukha Ganapati : "The Tree-Head Ganapati". He has six arms. His first hand shows the movement which gives boons (varada), the four others hols a very sharp elephant goad, a rudraaksha grain of the rosary, the noose and the ambrosia pot (amritakumbha) ; the sixth hand removes the fear (abhaya).

28. Simha Ganapati : "The Lion-face Ganapati". He has eight arms. His first hand shows the movement which bestow boons (varada). The following hold the disc, the bunch of flowers, the lute (viina), thez daylight lotus, the jewels pot, the creeper of the votive tree; the last hand shows the movement which removes fear (abhaya).

29. Yoga Ganapati : "Ganapati the Ascetic". He has four arms. His legs are surrounded with the meditation girdle (yogapatta). His hands hold the rosary, the elbow-rest or the walking-stick, the noose and the sugar-cane.

30. Durgaa Ganapati : "Ganapati similar the the Goddess Durgaa". He has eight arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the arrow, the rosary, the noose, the bow, the creeper of the votive tree (kalpalataa) and the rose-apple fruit.

31. Rinamocaka Ganapati : "Ganapati who discharges from debts". He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the rose-apple fruit.

 

 

Ganesha names meanings