On puja in general
108 names of Durga (decl)
108 names of Durga v1
108 names of Durga v2
108 names of Durga (sanskrit only)
All 9 forms of Durga (Navadurga)
Durga yantra
Durga mantras +audio
Durga pictures
108 names of Shiva (decl)
108 names of Shiva v1
108 names of Shiva (sanskrit only)
Shiva Sahasranama +audio only
Shiva yantra
Shiva mantras +audio
Shiva pictures
108 names of Vishnu (decl)
108 names of Satya Narayana
1000 names of Vishnu +audio
108 names of Vishnu (sanskrit only)
Vishnu sahasranama (sanskrit) (pdf, 79kb)
Vishnu Sahasranama +audio only with subtitles
Vishnu yantra
Vishnu mantras
Vishnu pictures
108 names of Krishna (decl)
60 names of Raja Gopala (decl)
108 names of Raja Gopala in sanskrit
Demons killed by Krishna
Krishna yantra
Krishna mantras
Krishna pictures
12 names of Brahma
About Brahma (Shrimad-Bhagavatam)
Brahma mantras
Brahma pictures
108 names of Lakshmi (decl) +audio
108 names of Lakshmi in sanskrit
8 forms of Lakshmi
Lakshmi yantra
Lakshmi mantras
Lakshmi pictures
108 names of Parvati (decl)
1008 names of Parvati
Parvati yantras
Parvati mantras
Parvati pictures
108 names of Sarasvati (decl)
Sarasvati yantras
Sarasvati mantras
Sarasvati pictures
108 names of Gayatri
108 names of Gayatri (sanskrit)
Gayatri Sahasranama (pdf, 115kb)
Gayatri worship (sanskrit) (pdf 1.2MB)
Gayatri yantra
Explanation of Gayatri mantra +audio
Gayatri devi pictures
108 names of Ganesha (decl) v1
108 names of Ganesha (decl) v2
108 names of Ganesha explained
Ganesha names meanings
108 names of Ganesha
Ganesha bhajana (sanskrit)
Ganapati 108 names (sanskrit)
Vinayaka 108 names (sanskrit)
Ganesh arati
Ganesh Sahasranama +audio only
108 names of Ganesha +audio only
Ganesha yantra
Ganesha mantras
Ganesha pictures
108 names of Skanda (decl)
Skanda mantras
Skanda pictures
16 names of Radha
108 names of Radha
158 names of Radha on K
291 names of Radha
Radha stuti
Radha mantras
Radha pictures
108 names of Tulasi (decl)
108 names of Tulasi (sanskrit)
Tulasi mantras +audio
Tulasi pictures
108 names of Hanuman
108 names of Hanuman (decl) +audio
1008 names of Hanuman +audio only
Hanuman yantra
Hanuman mantras
Hanuman pictures
100 names of Kali
1000 names of Kali
Kali yantras
Kali mantras +audio
Kali pictures
108 names of Bagalamukhi
1108 names of Bagalamukhi (decl)
Bagalamukhi yantra
Bagalamukhi mantras
Bagalamukhi pictures
108 names of Patanjali
About Patanjali
Patanjali mantras
Patanjali pictures
108 names of Chaitanya
Pancha tattva gayatri and beeja mantras
Chaitanya pictures
108 names of Nityananda
Nityananda mantras
Nityananda pictures
Agni mantra
Agni pictures
108 names of Dattatreya (decl)
Dattatreja mantras
Dattatreja pictures
108 names of Vishvakarma (decl)
Vishvakarma yantra
Vishvakarma gayatri mantra
Vishvakarma pictures
108 names of Kubera (decl)
Kubera mantras +audio
Kubera yantra
Kubera pictures
Description and forms of Bhairava
108 names of Bhairava (decl)
108 names of Bhairava (sanskrit)
Kaal Bhairava Ashtakam +audio
Bhairava mantras
Bhairava yantra
Bhairava pictures
Dhanvantri mantra
Dhanvantri pictures
Indra mantra
Indra pictures
Tara mantras
Tara yantras
Tara pictures
Tripura Sundari yantras
Tripura Sundari mantras
Tripura Sundari pictures
Matsya pictures
Kurma pictures
Varaha pictures
108 names of Narasimha (decl)
1000 names of Narasimha v1
1000 names of Narasimha v2
Narasimha kavacham
Narasimha yantra
Narasimha mantras
Narasimha pictures
Vamana pictures
Parashurama pictures
108 names of Rama (explained, decl)
Rama mantras
Rama pictures
Balarama sahasranama (pdf,  ...kb)
108 names of Balarama
Balarama yantra
Balarama mantras
Balarama pictures
Buddha mantras
Buddha pictures
Kalki pictures
108 names of Surya (decl)
108 names of Surya (pdf, 103kb)
1008 names of Surya +audio only
Surya yantra
Surya mantras
Surya pictures
108 names of Chandra (decl)
108 names of Chandra (sanskrit)
Chandra yantra
Chandra mantras
Chandra pictures
108 names of Mangala (decl)
108 names of Mangala (sanskrit)
Mangala yantra
Mangala mantras
Mangala pictures
108 names of Budha (decl)
108 names of Budha (sanskrit)
Buddha yantra
Buddha mantras
Buddha pictures
108 names of Guru (decl)
108 names of Guru (sanskrit)
Guru yantra
Guru mantras
Guru pictures
108 names of Shukra (decl)
108 names of Shukra (sanskrit)
Shukra yantra
Shukra mantras
Shukra pictures
108 names of Shani (decl)
108 names of Shani (sanskrit)
Shani yantra
Shani mantras
Shani pictures
108 names of Rahu (decl)
108 names of Rahu (sanskrit)
Rahu yantra
Rahu mantras +audio
Rahu pictures
108 names of Ketu (decl)
108 names of Ketu (sanskrit)
Ketu yantra
Ketu mantras
Ketu pictures
Asatoma mantra +audio
Poornam mantra +audio
Shanti mantra +audio
Moola mantra +audio
Tryambakam mantra +audio
Chapter I on Asanas
Chapter II on Pranayama
Chapter III on Mudras
Chapter IV on Samadhi
Aindra Das on chanting Holy Name


Big and beautiful letter Om
Hare Krishna mantra in sanskrit
Tryambakam mantra in sanskrit
Lakshmi moola mantra in sanskrit
Kuber mantra in sanskrit


Rites of worship are prescribed by the Agamas:

Nitya — mandatory

Naimittika — situational, periodic, or occasional

Kaamya — desire-fulfilling.


There are strict set of rules to follow and any infraction makes pujari a Brahma RAksasa (demon).


Guru supervises and enforces these rules.


Upacara (worship) has sixteen plus components. There are many internal variations.


Central steps of puja include:

1) aacamana — water sipping for purification;

2) Ganapati prarthana — prayers to Ganesha to remove obstacles;

3) sankalpa — declaration of intent;

4) ghanta — ringing bell, inviting devas and dismissing asuras (demons);

5) aavaahana — inviting the Deity ;

6) mantras and dhyana — meditating on the Deity;

7) svagata — welcoming;

8) namaskara — obeisance;

9) arghyam — water offerings;

10) pradakshina — circumambulation;

11) abhisheka — bathing the murti (the deity);

12) dhuupa — incense offering;

13) diipa — offering lights;

14) naivedya — offering food;

15) archana — chanting holy names;

16) aarati — final offering of lights;

17) praarthana — personal requests;

18) visarjana — dismissal of the deity, farewell.


Also central are pranayama (breath control), guru vandana (adoration of the preceptor), nyaasa (empowerment through touching) and mudra (mystic gestures).


Puja offerings also include pushpa (flowers), arghya (water), tambula (betel leaf) and chandana (sandalpaste).


Atmartha puja: Karana Agama, v. 2, states: Atmartha cha parartha cha puja dvividhamuchyate, "Worship is two-fold: for the benefit of oneself and for the benefit of others."


Atmartha puja is done for oneself and immediate family, usually at home in a private shrine. Parartha puja: "Puja for others."

Parartha puja is public puja, performed by authorized or ordained priests in a public shrine or temple.


There are variations in procedure and ritual observances. 

1. AAVAAHANA,  Avahana — invocation of the deity; holding the thumbs against the root of the ring fingers (Mudra)

2. AAsana, Asana — the manner of sitting  forming part of the eightfold observances of ascetics. Offering a seat to the deity.

3. Paadya, padya — Offering water to wash the feet.

4. Arghya — Worthy of a hospitable reception; water given to a guest; objects of worship. Copper, silver and gold vessels are desirable to hold water.

5. AAcaamana — Rinsing the mouth with water: water for that purpose. ceremonial sipping of water.

6. Snaana, Snana — Religious lustration of idol with water.

7. Vastra — Raiment; offering garment for the idol

8. Bhuusaa — Ornament and decoration of idol.

9. Gandha — Fragrance or Sandalwood paste applied to the idol.

10. Puspa — Offering flowers to the idol.

11. dhuupaa, Dhupa — Incense or making smoke from aromatic gum or resin.

12. Diipa, Dipa — Lamp; waving lamp

13. Aksata — Offering unhusked barley-corns

14. Naivedya — Offering victuals to a deity.

15. Taambuula, Tambula — Betel leaves and nut.

16. Pradaksinaa, Pradaksina — Turning the right side towards the idol; circumambulation  from left to right, as a mark of respect.



On puja in general