On puja in general
108 names of Durga (decl)
108 names of Durga v1
108 names of Durga v2
108 names of Durga (sanskrit only)
All 9 forms of Durga (Navadurga)
Durga yantra
Durga mantras +audio
Durga pictures
108 names of Shiva (decl)
108 names of Shiva v1
108 names of Shiva (sanskrit only)
Shiva Sahasranama +audio only
Shiva yantra
Shiva mantras +audio
Shiva pictures
108 names of Vishnu (decl)
108 names of Satya Narayana
1000 names of Vishnu +audio
108 names of Vishnu (sanskrit only)
Vishnu sahasranama (sanskrit) (pdf, 79kb)
Vishnu Sahasranama +audio only with subtitles
Vishnu yantra
Vishnu mantras
Vishnu pictures
108 names of Krishna (decl)
60 names of Raja Gopala (decl)
108 names of Raja Gopala in sanskrit
Demons killed by Krishna
Krishna yantra
Krishna mantras
Krishna pictures
12 names of Brahma
About Brahma (Shrimad-Bhagavatam)
Brahma mantras
Brahma pictures
108 names of Lakshmi (decl) +audio
108 names of Lakshmi in sanskrit
8 forms of Lakshmi
Lakshmi yantra
Lakshmi mantras
Lakshmi pictures
108 names of Parvati (decl)
1008 names of Parvati
Parvati yantras
Parvati mantras
Parvati pictures
108 names of Sarasvati (decl)
Sarasvati yantras
Sarasvati mantras
Sarasvati pictures
108 names of Gayatri
108 names of Gayatri (sanskrit)
Gayatri Sahasranama (pdf, 115kb)
Gayatri worship (sanskrit) (pdf 1.2MB)
Gayatri yantra
Explanation of Gayatri mantra +audio
Gayatri devi pictures
108 names of Ganesha (decl) v1
108 names of Ganesha (decl) v2
108 names of Ganesha explained
Ganesha names meanings
108 names of Ganesha
Ganesha bhajana (sanskrit)
Ganapati 108 names (sanskrit)
Vinayaka 108 names (sanskrit)
Ganesh arati
Ganesh Sahasranama +audio only
108 names of Ganesha +audio only
Ganesha yantra
Ganesha mantras
Ganesha pictures
108 names of Skanda (decl)
Skanda mantras
Skanda pictures
16 names of Radha
108 names of Radha
158 names of Radha on K
291 names of Radha
Radha stuti
Radha mantras
Radha pictures
108 names of Tulasi (decl)
108 names of Tulasi (sanskrit)
Tulasi mantras +audio
Tulasi pictures
108 names of Hanuman
108 names of Hanuman (decl) +audio
1008 names of Hanuman +audio only
Hanuman yantra
Hanuman mantras
Hanuman pictures
100 names of Kali
1000 names of Kali
Kali yantras
Kali mantras +audio
Kali pictures
108 names of Bagalamukhi
1108 names of Bagalamukhi (decl)
Bagalamukhi yantra
Bagalamukhi mantras
Bagalamukhi pictures
108 names of Patanjali
About Patanjali
Patanjali mantras
Patanjali pictures
108 names of Chaitanya
Pancha tattva gayatri and beeja mantras
Chaitanya pictures
108 names of Nityananda
Nityananda mantras
Nityananda pictures
Agni mantra
Agni pictures
108 names of Dattatreya (decl)
Dattatreja mantras
Dattatreja pictures
108 names of Vishvakarma (decl)
Vishvakarma yantra
Vishvakarma gayatri mantra
Vishvakarma pictures
108 names of Kubera (decl)
Kubera mantras +audio
Kubera yantra
Kubera pictures
Description and forms of Bhairava
108 names of Bhairava (decl)
108 names of Bhairava (sanskrit)
Kaal Bhairava Ashtakam +audio
Bhairava mantras
Bhairava yantra
Bhairava pictures
Dhanvantri mantra
Dhanvantri pictures
Indra mantra
Indra pictures
Tara mantras
Tara yantras
Tara pictures
Tripura Sundari yantras
Tripura Sundari mantras
Tripura Sundari pictures
Matsya pictures
Kurma pictures
Varaha pictures
108 names of Narasimha (decl)
1000 names of Narasimha v1
1000 names of Narasimha v2
Narasimha kavacham
Narasimha yantra
Narasimha mantras
Narasimha pictures
Vamana pictures
Parashurama pictures
108 names of Rama (explained, decl)
Rama mantras
Rama pictures
Balarama sahasranama (pdf,  ...kb)
108 names of Balarama
Balarama yantra
Balarama mantras
Balarama pictures
Buddha mantras
Buddha pictures
Kalki pictures
108 names of Surya (decl)
108 names of Surya (pdf, 103kb)
1008 names of Surya +audio only
Surya yantra
Surya mantras
Surya pictures
108 names of Chandra (decl)
108 names of Chandra (sanskrit)
Chandra yantra
Chandra mantras
Chandra pictures
108 names of Mangala (decl)
108 names of Mangala (sanskrit)
Mangala yantra
Mangala mantras
Mangala pictures
108 names of Budha (decl)
108 names of Budha (sanskrit)
Buddha yantra
Buddha mantras
Buddha pictures
108 names of Guru (decl)
108 names of Guru (sanskrit)
Guru yantra
Guru mantras
Guru pictures
108 names of Shukra (decl)
108 names of Shukra (sanskrit)
Shukra yantra
Shukra mantras
Shukra pictures
108 names of Shani (decl)
108 names of Shani (sanskrit)
Shani yantra
Shani mantras
Shani pictures
108 names of Rahu (decl)
108 names of Rahu (sanskrit)
Rahu yantra
Rahu mantras +audio
Rahu pictures
108 names of Ketu (decl)
108 names of Ketu (sanskrit)
Ketu yantra
Ketu mantras
Ketu pictures
Asatoma mantra +audio
Poornam mantra +audio
Shanti mantra +audio
Moola mantra +audio
Tryambakam mantra +audio
Chapter I on Asanas
Chapter II on Pranayama
Chapter III on Mudras
Chapter IV on Samadhi
Aindra Das on chanting Holy Name


Big and beautiful letter Om
Hare Krishna mantra in sanskrit
Tryambakam mantra in sanskrit
Lakshmi moola mantra in sanskrit
Kuber mantra in sanskrit


Poornam Shanti Mantra are usually recited as prayers before the study of Upanishad begins. For the peace to be established during and after the study. Here one also finds prayers for strength and wisdom which are essential for studying the Upanishads. At the end one finds repeatation of word "Shanti" thrice indicating that after studying the Upanishad and also during the study let there be peace in three worlds viz., The Divine, The Physical, and The Evil. These three are also interpreted as Cosmic, Worldly, Inner Peace.


This Mantra is in the beginning of Ishavasyopanishad and Brihadaranyakopanishad.


Om Poornam Adah Poornam Idam

Poornaat Poornam Udachyate

Poornasya Poornam Aadaay

Poornam Evaa Vashishyate

Om Shanti! Shanti!! Shantihi!!!


That is complete, This is complete

From complete, The complete has emerged

Giving completeness of complete

The complete remains.


Sanskrit Words and their meanings:

"Purnam" = complete

"Adah" = that

"Purnamadah" = "that" is complete.

"That" is referred to "Supreme Soul- Brahman"

(what we generally refer as God)


God is complete means what? Complete means He is self sufficient. He is Eternal. He IS always there. He does not need any external agency to support Him.


Sanskrit Words and their meanings:

"Idam" = "this"

"Purnam Idam" = This is also Complete

"This" indicates the "Atman"

"ATMAN"= the individual Soul- which resides in every living being."Soul" is complete means "self sufficient" like "Supreme Soul".


In other words the "Soul" which resides in our body is Identical with the "Supreme Soul".


Sanskrit Words and their meanings:

"Purnat" = from (that) complete referring to "Supreme Soul"

"Purnam" = (this) complete referring to "Individual Soul"

"Udachyate" = has "come out" or emerged


This means from the "Supreme Soul" (which is complete by itself) this "Individual Soul" (Complete) has emerged.


This is the verbal meaning of the above. Now let us try to understand the same.


The Ocean is full of water.Thus referring to ocean we can say that (the ocean) is complete (Purnam) = full here.


From this, the small vessel is filled with water. Thus referring to the vessel also we can say this is Complete (Purnam) = full here.


Thus, we can say that the ocean is complete (full of water) and the vessel is also complete (i.e.full of water).


Thus, "Purnamadah Purnamidam" can be interpreted as Supreme Soul and the Individual Soul are both Complete i.e. whole and Identical.


Purnat Purnam Udachyate meaning from the Supreme Soul this Individual Soul is emerged.


Sanskrit Words and their meanings:

"Purnasya" = of Complete referring to "Supreme Soul"

"Purnam" = Complete referring to "Individual Soul"

"Aday" = giving away to

(i.e. by giving away the completeness (wholeness) of "Supreme Soul" to "Individul Soul".


"Purnam eva vashishyate" — only the Complete remains


Now because a few vessels of water, if taken away from the Ocean, is the Ocean incomplete i.e has it become less full of water? or is it still full of water? It hardly matters to the Ocean (i.e.,the level of water in Ocean) as to how much water is taken away.


Similarly from "Supreme self" individual self has emerged and is identical and even after taking away the soul, what remains is also the complete self.


General Discussion:

Thus as per this Shanti Mantra, the Atma (soul) which is there within ourselves is part of Brahman (God) because it has emerged from God.


Just as the mercury droplet when disturbed give us small small droplets and when we bring them together, again merge into the big droplet. Thus our souls have also emerged from God and are destined to merge in God. Only difference is mercury droplet has definite quantity hence reduces in size when small droplets are formed. But Brahman being infinite being does not get reduced even after the soul is emerged. And even after the soul merges in to Brahman it remains the same.


But this is the ideal condition. Just as mercury droplets covered with dust do not merge fully into a big droplet, our souls covered with subtle cover of desires (to worldly things) do not merge with God after death but are born again and again.The aim of study of Upanishad is to cast off the dust of desire and let our souls merge with the God.

Poornam mantras

text and explanation form here